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Like many of the world’s finest firearms, the Glock “safe action” pistol came about as the result of an exhaustive competition organized by the Austrian Ministry of Defence to select a replacement for the Austrian military’s current service pistol, the Walther P38. In a competition reminiscent of Stalin’s contest in the 1940s, which went on to produce the AK-47, the Austrian Ministry of Defence stipulated that the new service pistol must meet 17 criteria. These criteria were instated to ensure the design of a pistol that is both durable and reliable and utilized only the most desirable characteristics. Needless to say, Glock won the competition with its Model 17, beating out firearms from manufacturers such as Heckler & Koch, Sig Sauer, Beretta, FN Herstal, Browning and Steyr. What is most interesting about the competition is that Gaston Glock, the company’s founder, had no experience with firearm design at the time the prototype was being developed. He fielded a team of experts to assist in the design process, while his experience with advanced synthetic polymers led to the use of a polymer frame. It is also uncanny how similar the development of both the AK-47 and the Glock pistol really are. Anyone familiar will surely recognize the parallels.
Let’s briefly discuss the specifications. The Glock 19 “safe action” pistol is an extremely versatile pistol, mainly due to its compact size as compared to full-size pistols. The Glock 19 has an overall length of 7.36 inches, a width of 1.18 inches and measures 5.04 inches high, making it easily concealable. Its barrel length is 4.02 inches. Additionally it weighs in at a meager 21.16 ounces, 30.16 ounces when fully loaded. The pistol has an effective range of 50m and features adjustable sights that consist of a ramped front sight and a notched rear sight, perfect for acquiring targets quickly and easily.
As previously noted, the Glock 19 is famous for its “safe action” system, which consists of three passive, independently operating mechanical safeties. Though the pistol has no manual safety, these three internal safeties work beautifully to prevent accidental discharges and safety hazards. First up is the trigger safety. The trigger safety is a small lever on the trigger itself that prevents rearward movement of the trigger unless both the trigger and trigger safety are depressed simultaneously. Next up is the firing pin safety. The firing pin safety is a spring-loaded device that blocks the firing pin channel, preventing any forward movement of the firing pin. When the trigger is depressed, a small extension of the trigger bar pushes the safety up and allows the firing pin to move forward. Finally, we come to the drop safety. When engaged, the rear of the trigger bar rests on a drop shelf. When the trigger is depressed, the bar moves off of the shelf until it is fully separated from the firing pin lug, allowing the firing pin to move forward. All three safeties are engaged when the trigger is forward. Once the trigger is depressed, each safety disengages sequentially to allow a discharge. When the trigger is released, all three safeties automatically reengage. The idea behind the “safe action” system is that the pistol can only be discharged if the trigger is intentionally pulled.
Like I said, the Glock 19 is an extremely versatile pistol. It has been fielded all over the world as a service pistol and also makes a great choice for concealed carry and personal protection. Consider the Glock 19 “safe action” pistol for any of the following:
- Law Enforcement
- Personal and home defense
- First-time buyers
- Much more…